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Railway container transport in China: status quo, problems and countermeasures


Since 1955, since the start of railway container transportation in China, has been established to meet the market needs of container transport operational framework, steady rise in the volume, rapid income growth, equipment improvement, management improvement, the enterprise overall strength and quality have greatly improved.
1.1 
In December 2003, conform to the trend of container transportation development in the world, China railway container transport company limited (hereinafter referred to as the container company) was founded. At this point, the China railway container transport into the international, professional management, and market-oriented management of the new stages. According to market needs, and container companies in the country to set up 18 branches and 26 operations (business) of the full road 670 stations in container transport business, 7 of which affiliated stations and 2 logistics centres affiliated container straight pipe. Meanwhile, assets restructuring, integration, on the integrate 85 operating company, the formation of railway international multimodal transport, Ltd, construction meet the needs of specialized transport operation logistics operating platform, realizing the changing from traditional transportation enterprises to modern logistics enterprises. At present, the systems contract of multimodal container transportation volume of container transport volume has accounted for all road near 20%, railway container transport business as a whole realizes from the past through the Ministry funds to pay administrative costs directly from the market to transport revenue to pay operating costs and management costs to achieve self-financing, autonomous subjects role change.
1.2  supply structure and layout is optimized for transport
Actively promote the container structures, product structures and transport optimization and adjustment of the layout of and realize "three changes". Is the source structure is changing from a market of low end to the high end of the market. 2005 out of coal transport market 2008 quit Coke transport market. By strengthening marketing, opened up new supply, achieving volume a smooth recovery. Supply structure from "smuggled goods" to "white goods", from low value added to food products, chemical products, automotive accessories, ceramics, sugar, fertilizers and other products with high added value, supply of structural optimization and upgrading. Second, product structure from single to multiple, large-scale changes. Train line advantage into full play, and gradually form a train transport for flagship product, sea and rail transport, international transport as the main Delta, bring your own box (shipping box) as an important pillar of the product mix, container railway transportation products group to train transport transportation structure consists of scattered focus and change. Five scheduled bank number 6758 growth from 2004 to 2008, 10841, rose 55%, five train volume is the total amount shipped shipment of nearly 30%. Open international container train, blew across the Eurasian continent, connecting the ocean's three major international corridors. International train lines in 2004 to 379 in 2008 to 1748, an increase of 361%. Transit port for transport to achieve a breakthrough. Railway container structure continues to be optimized, 1T, 10T box has to exit the rail transport market, the major container 20 ft, 40 ft, 48 ft containers of international standards. Promoting own box on line transport, owned case sent in 2004 to 710,000 TEU in 2008 to 1.54 million TEU, rose 117%, own tank volume the total volume of 45%. At present, container railway transportation in China has formed a double-stack container train, iron sea transport train, cow train, international container train and domestic and international container shipping brand. Third, transport layouts from a decentralized to a centralized change. Of railway container handling stations overall optimization, integration, by the end of 2003 of 1812 stations into current 670 stations, achieving production layout is relatively centralized and specialized. With 18 central stations, 48 Office stations and hundreds of station construction, reconstruction completed, railway container transportation network will be more reasonable, the overall advantages of network operation will be brought into full play.

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